Exposure to pollen or dust can cause an allergic cough. This complaint should not be taken lightly. If not treated properly, allergic cough can get worse and interfere with daily activities.
Allergic cough is a cough that occurs due to the immune system’s reaction to allergens or allergy-triggering substances. This condition is more at risk for people who have a history of allergies in their family.
Allergic coughs usually last a long time, even months. Here are some of the symptoms of an allergic cough:
Dry cough or cough with clear mucus
Colds and sneezing
Causes of Allergic Cough
Allergic coughs are caused by an over-response of the immune system to allergens or allergens that are actually harmless. Some examples of allergens are dust, mold, pet dander, or pollen.
To protect the body from these substances, the immune system produces immune cells to release histamine substances into the bloodstream. Histamine is the main cause of allergy symptoms, such as coughing.
An allergic cough can occur when an allergic reaction causes postnasal drip, which is a condition in which mucus from the nose flows down the back of the throat. This condition can cause an itchy throat and cough.
Allergic Cough Treatment
Taking over-the-counter allergy cough medicines is an effective way to relieve symptoms of allergic cough. To get maximum treatment results, you can choose allergy cough medicines that contain the following substances:
Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine drug that is very well used to relieve complaints or symptoms due to allergic reactions, such as allergic coughs. This drug works by inhibiting the activity and amount of histamine in the body, so it can reduce the allergic cough complaints you are experiencing.
Pseudoephedrine is an effective decongestant drug to treat nasal congestion caused by allergic coughs. This drug works by reducing swelling of the blood vessels in the nasal cavity. This way, you can breathe easier when you have an allergic cough.
Allergy cough medicines may also contain guaifenesin. This expectorant class of drugs can thin the clear phlegm in the respiratory tract due to allergic coughs, so that phlegm is easier to expel.
In addition to the various ingredients above, you can also buy allergy cough medicines that contain sodium citrate. Sodium citrate works by loosening phlegm in the nose and throat caused by allergic coughs.
You can also do some of the following self-care when you have an allergic cough:
Avoid exposure to allergens (allergens) so that allergic coughs can subside.
Drink lots of water to keep the body hydrated and the phlegm in the throat is also thinner.
Clean the surrounding environment so that you avoid various allergens, including dust, mold, and pollen.
Drink warm liquids, such as ginger tea, golden milk, or honey tea, to help relieve symptoms of an allergic cough.
Rinse your nose with a saline solution to relieve nasal congestion and allow you to breathe easier.
Use a humidifier in an air-conditioned room to humidify the air and relieve allergic coughs.
If you have been diagnosed with allergic cough, it never hurts to always have a supply of allergy cough medicine at home. So, when an allergic reaction appears, the symptoms of allergic cough can be immediately relieved and not to interfere with your activities.
If the symptoms of allergic cough that you are experiencing do not improve with the various remedies above, or even the symptoms get worse, consult a doctor for further treatment.